Today the backgammon book market is a high quality but niche market. Online resources for learning are also plentiful, read Backgammon is as Easy as 1, 2, 3, take a free class at Backgammon 101, and watch the Backgammon for Complete Beginners video series. After your last checker has been returned to the board, any remaining numbers on the dice must be played. You may move any checker, including one that was just returned to the board. Notice that the player who goes first never has doubles on their first turn because ties on the first roll are always broken. We’re here to help you succeed with some simple steps on for beginners.

The other major change from the standard backgammon rules is that a player may only hit a blot of the opposing player once they have at least one disc of theirs in their home area. The player who successfully removes all their discs from the home board first wins the game! If you can remove all 15 of your discs before your opponent has borne off any of theirs, it is considered a gammon, and the win is worth two points instead of one.

How To Play Backgammon – Rules, Tips and Strategies to Win

In some variations, gammons and backgammons are worth more than just one or two points. A "long gammon" may be worth two or three points, while a "long backgammon" can be worth three or four points. This rule puts more emphasis on bearing off quickly and avoiding being gammoned or backgammoned.

How to play backgammon

For example, if one or more of your checkers are on the bar, you cannot bear off any checkers, even if all of your other checkers are on your home board. If you can enter one or more of your checkers from the bar, Starzino Casino but not all of them, you must do so. Before getting started, of course, you’ll need to set up a Backgammon board. See our New to Backgammon collection of articles or take a free beginner Backgammon 101 class.

Backgammon Setup

Additionally if a player loses the game without barring off any checkers they forfeit double the current bet, this is referred to as a Gammon. If they lose while still having a piece on the bar they forfeit triple the current bet, referred to as a Backgammon. This guide offers valuable tips for beginners looking to improve their backgammon skills. By understanding the rules, mastering foundational strategies, and exploring advanced techniques, players can enhance their gameplay.

Once a player has successfully entered all their pieces into their home board, they can start bearing off. This is done by rolling a number equal to how many spaces are left until the checker leaves the board. So a checker on the 6 point would need a roll of 6 to bear off. At it’s core, backgammon is a simple game with the objective of removing your pieces from the board by passing through the opponents half of the board. It’s a strictly 2-player game, which is why it was a popular strategic gambling game throughout history for two players.

Crawford Rule

You may bear off a checker by rolling the number that corresponds to the point on which that checker resides. For example, if you roll a four, you may remove a checker from the fourth point. Once all of your checkers are on your home board, you may start bearing off. This is the process by which you remove your checkers from the board. You must always use as many of your dice rolls as possible, even when doing so is not to your advantage.

It is a great resource to help new players get started with confidence. The doubling cube is indicated by a square outline in the center of the bar. If Black owns the cube it is shown at the bottom of the bar; if White owns it, it is shown at the top of the bar. Remember that when the cube shows ‘64’ that is actually a value of ‘1’. A plethora of books also appeared in the 1970s and 1980s, amongst them “Backgammon” by Paul Magriel, still known as the bible of the game. Other authors such as Danny Kleinman and Bill Robertie also started to produce analytical material.

There is no use of the doubling dice in this game; backgammons and gammons do not affect scoring. To score, the winning player receives 1 point for each non-borned disc and any disc that never entered the board. For example, if players rolled double 2s, they could move four 2s in any format they would like. So essentially, instead of moving two pieces, two spaces each, you get to move four pieces, two spaces each.

Your 13-point is your opponent’s 12-point, your 3-point their 22-point, etc. The point numbers in the diagram above are shown from Black’s perspective. In the 1970s the advent of oil money saw a resurgence in the popularity of backgammon and big money tournaments attended by celebrities became the norm. As money became tighter in the 1980s the number of players dwindled but there remained a big enough core group to start the real development of the game. Unlike chess, the first recorded game of backgammon only dates as far back as 1973. If you choose to use both dice for a single checker, an intermediate point (in this example, either four spaces or one space from the starting point) must be open. Chouette is a social form of backgammon for three or more players.

Long Gammon and Backgammon

If the opponent accepts the challenge, the player that accepted now can double the game once again if the tide turns in their favor, raising the stakes from two points to four. Now, the opposing opponent can accept or concede,; if they concede,, they give up two points instead of one. It’s time to put your skills into practice and become a better player, all for free, on the Backgammon Galaxy App. You can analyze your games using AI technology and gain valuable insights.

Automatic doubles, beavers, raccoons and the Jacoby Rule are not used in match play. If a player refuses a redouble they must pay the number of points that were at stake prior to the redouble. Otherwise, they accept the redouble, become the new owner of the cube and the game continues at twice the previous stake. There is no limit to the number of times a double may be offered in one game. After a redouble only the owner of the doubling cube can make a subsequent redouble.

Backgammon Rules for Beginners: The Set-Up

There’s a number of Backgammon strategies that could help you achieve that goal and give you the edge over your opponents. There’s a number of movement restrictions to consider when moving your checkers across the board. We offer high quality handcrafted wooden travel size backgammon sets as shown below. It offers a balance of skill and chance, making it enjoyable for players of all ages and skill levels. How to Play Backgammon, by Chris Bray is a 25-page booklet that expands on the concepts in this article.

Backgammon Set Up, Rules, and How To Play: An Illustrated Guide

At the end of the game, if the losing player has borne off at least one checker, he loses only the value showing on the doubling cube (one point, if there have been no doubles). However, if the loser has not borne off any of his checkers, he is gammoned and loses twice the value of the doubling cube. Or, worse, if the loser has not borne off any of his checkers and still has a checker on the bar or in the winner’s home board, he is backgammoned and loses three times the value of the doubling cube. Play with an artificially intellegent opponent or play with a friend with Pass & Play! 247 Backgammon has games in five difficulites, ranging from easy to expert! You’ll be sure to find a difficulty you feel comfortable playing, whether you are a beginner or seasoned backgammon player.